Haiti has been a founding member of the United Nations (UN) since 1945. In 1948, Haiti played a key role in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), in particular thanks to the Haitian senator Emile Saint -Lot, rapporteur of the Editorial Board of the UDHR. Haiti is also one of the first countries to join UNESCO in 1946. One of the first collaborations between the United Nations and the Government of Haiti was carried out in 1947. It was a partnership with UNESCO to promote an initiative in the field of education in the towns of Marbial and Lafond in Jacmel. Partnerships between the United Nations and Haiti have gradually increased since this first collaboration. Since 2020, the UN family in Haiti is comprised of 19 agencies, funds and programmes and the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH).
Education. The net enrollment rate rose from 47% in 1993 to 84% in 2017.
Health. 3% reduction in the mortality of children under 5 between 2000 and 2017 and reduction in the adult mortality rate among women by 40% between 2006 and 2017. In addition, the number of HIV-positive people in treatment quadrupled in 8 years.
Gender equality. There has been a gradual increase in the percentage of women who participated in household decision-making, from 53% in 2006 to 69% in 2017. In primary and secondary education, there has been gender parity since 2000.
Water and sanitation. The percentage of the population with access to drinking water increased from 58% to 73% between 2015 and 2018, and the population with access to sanitation increased from 18% in 1990 to 33% in 2016. Cholera cases have decreased by 99.5% since 2010.
Resilience, Risk and disaster management and the environment. The sector has been strengthened with initiatives such as the SNGRD law, the climate change adaptation plan, the National Hydrometeorological Service / Meteorological Center, protected areas and the Parliamentary Front Against Hunger.
Security and transition to a non-peacekeeping UN presence. The PNH has been strengthened in recent years and, as of September 2018, had 14,911 police officers, including 1,483 women. In this context, the Security Council is preparing the transition to a UN presence in Haiti outside of peacekeeping.